The Ultimate Guide to Erythromycin for Fish: Benefits and Application

Erythromycin for Fish

For both professional aquarists and hobbyists alike, maintaining a healthy aquatic environment is crucial. When it comes to dealing with bacterial infections, having the right treatment on hand can make all the difference. Enter Erythromycin for fish- a potent antibiotic specifically formulated for our finned friends. In this article, we’ll delve into the benefits and application of Erythromycin for fish.

Erythromycin 4

What is Erythromycin?

Erythromycin is an antibiotic that has been trusted for years in human medicine. In the world of aquaculture, it serves as a formidable weapon against a myriad of bacterial infections that can afflict fish. From the common fin rot to the more severe gill disease, Erythromycin is a go-to remedy for many.

Key Benefits of Erythromycin for Fish

  1. Wide Range of Treatment: Whether it’s cloudy eye, body slime disease, or mouth rot, Erythromycin has shown efficacy in treating a broad spectrum of bacterial infections.

  2. Safe for Various Fish Types: Whether your tank houses freshwater or marine fish, Erythromycin is safe for application, ensuring all your aquatic pets can benefit.

  3. Proven Effectiveness: Erythromycin targets bacteria such as Aeromonas, Pseudomonas genera, and the mycobacterial group, ensuring a rapid response to infections like gill diseases and chondrococcus.

  4. Easy Application: With user-friendly instructions, applying Erythromycin to your aquarium or pond is hassle-free.Erythromycin

How to Apply Erythromycin in Your Aquarium

  1. Preparation: Begin by replacing 1/3 of the tank’s water. This ensures a fresh environment for the medication to work effectively.

  2. Dosage: Add 5 grams of Erythromycin powder for every 100 liters of water. Remember, a scoop is typically provided with the product, making measurement easy. 1 scoop usually equals 1 gram.

  3. Feeding: Post application, it’s recommended not to feed your fish for three days to ensure maximum effectiveness.

  4. Follow-up: On the fourth day, replace 1/3 of the tank water again and resume feeding.

  5. Reapplication: If needed, repeat the treatment cycle after a rest day, ensuring that your fish are on the road to recovery.


Maintaining the well-being of your fish should always be a top priority. With bacterial infections posing a constant threat, having Erythromycin on hand can be a game-changer. Its wide range of benefits and easy application make it an indispensable tool in every aquarist’s toolkit. So, next time you spot signs of bacterial infections, remember that Erythromycin is here to restore health and vitality to your aquatic environment.

The Use and Benefits of Indian-Almond/ Terminalia catappa/ Ketapang Leaf Extract

ketapang leaf extract

The Use and Benefits of Indian-Almond (Terminalia catappa) Ketapang Leaf Extract

Indian-almond, also known as Terminalia catappa, is a tree that is native to tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Australia. For centuries, various parts of this tree have been employed for their therapeutic and health benefits. Among the parts utilized, the leaves of the Indian-almond tree stand out and have been the subject of numerous studies and traditional remedies. Here we will explore the various uses and benefits of Terminalia catappa leaf extract.

Ketapang leaf extract

1. Aquariums & Fish Health:

Perhaps one of the most popular contemporary uses of Indian-almond leaves is in the fish-keeping hobby. When added to aquarium water:

  • Natural Tannins Release: The leaves release beneficial tannins, which simulate the natural blackwater habitats of some tropical fish.
  • Antifungal and Antibacterial Properties: These leaves can reduce the risk of infections in fish.
  • pH Softening: They can help in lowering the pH of the water, making it slightly acidic which is optimal for certain fish species.

2. Traditional Medicine:

In various Asian countries, the leaves have been utilized as a part of traditional medicine:

  • Anti-diabetic Effects: Some studies suggest that the leaf extract can have anti-diabetic properties.
  • Anti-inflammatory and Analgesic: It has been traditionally used to reduce inflammation and pain.
  • Liver Protective Effects: Some research indicates that Terminalia catappa leaves might have hepatoprotective qualities.

3. Antioxidant Properties:

Indian-almond leaf extract contains several flavonoids and tannins, known for their antioxidant activities. Antioxidants are essential for the body as they combat free radicals that can cause cellular damage.

4. Skin Health:

Owing to its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties:

  • Wound Healing: It can accelerate the healing of minor wounds and cuts.
  • Acne Treatment: The extract can be effective in treating acne and other skin infections.

5. Digestive Health:

Traditionally, it has been believed that the leaf extract can aid in various digestive problems:

  • Anti-diarrheal: It can help reduce symptoms of diarrhea.
  • Gastric Ulcer Prevention: Some studies suggest it might reduce the risk of gastric ulcers.

6. Anti-Cancer Potential:

While further research is still required, some preliminary studies have indicated that Terminalia catappa leaf extract may have anti-tumor and anti-proliferative effects on certain types of cancer cells.


While the benefits are numerous, it’s crucial to approach the use of Indian-almond leaf extract with caution:

  • Allergy Risks: Some people might be allergic to compounds found in the extract.
  • Interactions with Medications: It can interact with certain medications, especially those for diabetes and high blood pressure.
  • Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Not enough research is available on its safety during pregnancy and breastfeeding.


The Indian-almond tree, particularly its leaves, holds a special place in both traditional and contemporary applications. From enhancing fish health in aquariums to potential anti-cancer properties, the spectrum of its benefits is wide. However, as with any natural remedy, it’s vital to consult with healthcare professionals and do thorough research before using Terminalia catappa leaf extract for therapeutic purposes.

Indian-Almond (Terminalia catappa) Ketapang Leaf Extract: Nature’s Elixir for Healthy Fish

Metronidazole for Fish: A Detailed Dive into its Benefits and Uses

Metronidazole for fish

Metronidazole for Fish: A Detailed Dive into its Benefits and Uses

Every aquarist, whether a newbie or seasoned pro, knows the importance of maintaining a healthy environment for their aquatic friends. A common challenge faced in fish care is protozoan and anaerobic bacterial infections. Thankfully, metronidazole steps in as a vital remedy. In this guide, we will explore the ins and outs of metronidazole for fish, shedding light on its benefits and how to use it.

What is Metronidazole?

Metronidazole is an antibiotic and antiprotozoal medication known for its ability to treat a variety of infections. In the aquaculture realm, it’s especially valuable for combating internal parasites, anaerobic bacteria, and certain diseases that fish might contract.

Benefits of Metronidazole for Fish

  1. Versatility in Treatment: Metronidazole is effective against internal parasites such as Hexamita and Spironucleus, as well as anaerobic bacteria. These can be particularly challenging to treat with other medications.

  2. Gentle yet Effective: While being potent against infections, metronidazole is generally gentle on fish, making it a preferred choice for many aquarists.

  3. Broad Spectrum: Apart from specific infections, metronidazole is useful for symptoms like color loss, decreased appetite, and white, stringy feces, which can be indicative of internal problems.

  4. Compatible with Other Treatments: Metronidazole can often be used in tandem with other treatments, making it a versatile tool in comprehensive fish care.

Using Metronidazole in Your Aquarium

  1. Dissolve Properly: For effective application, metronidazole should be thoroughly dissolved in water before adding it to the aquarium.

  2. Dosage: Always follow the recommended dosage – typically, this is around 250-500mg per 10 gallons of water. However, it’s crucial to refer to the product label or consult an expert.

  3. Duration: A treatment cycle usually lasts 5-7 days. It’s essential to maintain consistent treatment to ensure complete eradication of the infection.

  4. Isolate When Necessary: In cases of severe infections, it might be beneficial to quarantine the affected fish. This ensures a more targeted treatment and reduces the spread of infection.

  5. Monitor Closely: Keep a close eye on all fish during treatment. If you notice adverse reactions, consider adjusting the treatment or seeking expert advice.


Metronidazole stands as a beacon of hope for many aquarists battling against internal parasites and anaerobic bacterial infections. Its efficacy, combined with its gentle nature, makes it a staple in fish healthcare. As with all treatments, ensure you’re well-informed, considerate, and attentive to your fish’s needs. With the right care and the power of metronidazole, your fish can swim healthily and happily once more.

Aquafair International Betta Show 2023

Aquafair International Betta Show 2023

Aquafair International Betta Show 2023

Aquafair International Betta Show

After a decade-long hiatus, Aquafair is making a grand return in 2023! Join us at Matrade for this anticipated event. See you there at BSM booth for Aquafair International Betta Show 2023!

Note: Live Show Results are subject to change before the announcement of the final official results. The result will be finalized after the announcement of all GCs and Best of Variety.

Class List

Aquafair classlist junior
Aquafair classlist anak
Aquafair International Betta Show 2023
Aquafair classlist best


Judging Panel


Prizes & Trophies

Aquafair trophy ogc
Aquafair trophy prizes
Aquafair trophy division champions
Aquafair trophy placing
Aquafair trophy best
Aquafair trophy 45placing


Aquafair International Betta Show 2023
Aquafair international betta show 2023 sponsors


Handlers - Vietnam
Handlers - Thailand
Handler - Singapore
Handlers - Borneo
Handlers - Indonesia

Aquafair Malaysia 2023

Any inquiries on Aquafair, please contact Main organiser Mr. Jonathan

the boss very friendly
Mohamad Shamsul
Mohamad Shamsul
so good
Uniquely designed trophy, very beautiful.
faliq zaki
faliq zaki
Betta4u Fish Farm is one of the best betta farm in Malaysia. The owner is Mr. Bobby Chua. He is very friendly person and has being one of the respected referee in betta competition. Not only being a referee, he is also active being invited speaker for betta community around Asian. His knowledge in betta field is very vast and deep. Not only breed for commercial betta, he also do conservation for Malaysia wild betta. Do come to Betta4u Fish Farm and learn more about betta fish. Do call/text him in advance before drop by. 😁😁
Amy SL
Amy SL
Appreciate the knowledge shared by friendly owner. We learnt so much, and we will never see it as just a fighting fish. A whole new respect for these fishes.
Irwan Charlie
Irwan Charlie
THE BEST BETTA Fish Breeder in Melaka. Owner is very knowledgeable and friendly. One of the most politely person i ever meet here. He breed many types of betta fish. And sell his own vitamin for betta fish. Also sell kutu air here. And their special net. As you can see i just bought my Candy Block Koi Bettafish. Price are affordable and depends on its grade. For those who love betta fish and want to learn more I recommend to come here. I just came today and learn alot of new things.
jassmine kiu
jassmine kiu
Good quality fish with variety of choices and also with very attentive customer service..
Rebecca Witson
Rebecca Witson
1st class quality fish,good customer service.. Would recommend to all those betta fish lovers out there.👍

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Designing a Betta Fish Tank System: A Real Life Example

Aquascape tanks

Designing a betta fish tank system can be quite challenging, especially if you have a large number of betta fish to accommodate. While the general rule is to keep one fish in one tank, this can become impractical when you have a hundred betta fish to care for. In this blog post, we will share a real life example of a betta fish tank system that has been successfully used by different keepers.

betta drip system
Common drip system. Photo by Gao Hui

The key to designing a betta fish tank system is to ensure that each fish has enough space to thrive and live comfortably. The tanks should be spacious enough to allow the fish to swim around and display their natural behaviors. Additionally, each tank should have proper filtration and heating systems to maintain optimal water conditions.

Aquarius Fish Systems • Aquatic Enterprises, Inc_
The Ultimate Control in Aquatic Environments Call Us Aquarius Fish Systems was founded in 2009 by Eric Stone while he was a lab manager for one of the largest zebrafish labs in the world. His experience there led him to conclude there were many ways to enhance and improve on the different systems he was managing.

One example of a betta fish tank system is to use a series of interconnected tanks. This can be achieved by setting up a rack system with multiple tanks stacked on top of each other. Each tank should have its own filtration system, but the water can be circulated between the tanks to maintain water quality.

Another option is to use a large communal tank with dividers. This allows multiple betta fish to be housed in the same tank while still providing them with their own space. The dividers should be opaque to prevent the fish from seeing each other, as betta fish are known to be aggressive towards their own species.

When designing a betta fish tank system, it is important to consider the needs of the fish and provide them with a suitable environment. Regular water testing and maintenance should be carried out to ensure the health and well-being of the fish. By following these guidelines and taking inspiration from real life examples, you can create a betta fish tank system that is both functional and aesthetically pleasing.

Aquascape tanks
One of the most expensive types. I love to apply on the betta betta fish. Long fin show betta fish….may be a big no if you wish to groom big competition grade fish.
DIY System. Betta - TPA automatizado - Garrafa PET
Not so pleasing to the eyes. This system, you can’t admire the beauty of your betta fish that much.
by Wendel
The tank system is quite aesthetically pleasing, but requires significant manual cleaning.

Aquafair Malaysia 2023: The Ultimate International Betta Show

image 1696764324

Get ready for the most anticipated event of the year – Aquafair Malaysia 2023! This international betta show is set to showcase the beauty and elegance of betta fish from all around the world. Whether you’re a betta enthusiast or just curious about these stunning creatures, this event is not to be missed.

Aquafair Malaysia 2023

Hosted in Malaysia, known for its rich aquatic biodiversity, Aquafair Malaysia 2023 promises to be a grand spectacle. The show will feature a wide range of betta fish in various colors, patterns, and tail types. From the vibrant hues of the Halfmoon bettas to the intricate patterns of the Crowntail bettas, you’ll be mesmerized by the sheer diversity on display.

But Aquafair Malaysia 2023 is not just about admiring betta fish. It’s also an opportunity to learn more about these fascinating creatures. The event will host informative seminars and workshops conducted by renowned experts in the field. Whether you’re a beginner looking to start your own betta fish journey or an experienced breeder wanting to enhance your knowledge, there will be something for everyone.

In addition to the main show, Aquafair Malaysia 2023 will also feature a trade fair where you can browse and purchase a wide range of betta fish, aquarium supplies, and other aquatic-related products. It’s the perfect place to find unique and rare betta fish that you won’t find anywhere else.

So mark your calendars for Aquafair Malaysia 2023 – the ultimate international betta show. Immerse yourself in the beauty of these magnificent fish, expand your knowledge, and connect with fellow betta enthusiasts. Whether you’re a hobbyist or a serious betta lover, this event is sure to leave you inspired and awestruck.

Betta Macrostoma: The Enigmatic Beauty of the Wild Betta

Betta Macrostoma

Introduction to Betta Macrostoma: The Enigmatic Beauty

Betta Macrostoma, also known as the Spotfin Betta, is a captivating species of fish that has captured the hearts of aquarium enthusiasts around the world. Native to the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia, this stunning Betta species is highly sought after for its unique appearance and intriguing behavior.


Betta Macrostoma pair


One of the most striking features of Betta Macrostoma is its large, expressive eyes. They have a distinctive coloration, with a dark body covered in beautiful iridescent scales that shimmer in the light. The fins of the male Betta Macrostoma are elongated and have a stunning pattern of spots and stripes, while the female has shorter fins and a more subdued coloration.


Betta Macrostoma is known for its territorial nature and can be quite aggressive towards other fish. It is best to keep them in a species-only tank or with other non-aggressive fish that can hold their own. These fish are also jumpers, so it is essential to provide a well-covered aquarium to prevent them from escaping.


When it comes to feeding Betta Macrostoma, a varied diet is key to their overall health and well-being. They are carnivorous and thrive on a diet of live or frozen foods such as bloodworms, brine shrimp, and small insects. It is essential to provide them with a balanced diet to ensure they receive all the necessary nutrients.


One of the fascinating aspects of Betta Macrostoma is their unique breeding behavior. Unlike other Betta species, they are mouthbrooders, which means that the female will carry the eggs in her mouth until they hatch. After spawning, the male will guard the nest, and the female will periodically release the fry to feed.

FAQs about Betta Macrostoma

1. Are Betta Macrostoma suitable for beginners?

Betta Macrostoma is not recommended for beginners due to their specific care requirements and aggressive behavior. They require an experienced aquarist who can provide them with the proper conditions and attention they need.

2. What size tank do Betta Macrostoma need?

It is recommended to keep Betta Macrostoma in a tank of at least 20 gallons. This will provide them with enough space to establish territories and swim freely.

3. Can Betta Macrostoma be kept with other fish?

Due to their aggressive nature, it is best to keep Betta Macrostoma in a species-only tank or with other non-aggressive fish that can tolerate their behavior.

4. How often should Betta Macrostoma be fed?

Betta Macrostoma should be fed small amounts of food twice a day. It is important not to overfeed them as it can lead to health issues.

5. What is the lifespan of Betta Macrostoma?

With proper care, Betta Macrostoma can live for up to 5 years in captivity.


Betta Macrostoma is a captivating and enigmatic species of fish that requires specific care and attention. Their unique appearance, intriguing behavior, and mouthbrooding reproductive strategy make them a fascinating addition to any aquarium. However, it is essential to understand their specific care requirements and provide them with a suitable environment to thrive. If you are an experienced aquarist looking for a challenge, Betta Macrostoma might just be the perfect fish for you.

Betta Macrostoma Pair: The Crown Jewel of Freshwater Aquariums


Betta Macrostoma: A Comprehensive Dive Into Nature’s Majestic Beauty

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